Prevalence of Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among Factory Workers in the Beverage Industries in Edo State, Nigeria

NS Awunor, EC Isah

Abstract


Introduction: This study sought to determine the prevalence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, obesity and other cardiovascular risk factors among factory workers in beverage industries in Edo State, Southern Nigeria.

Materials and methods: An analytical cross sectional study was carried out among 349 respondents (201 respondents in the bottling Industry and 148 respondents in the brewing Industry), using researcher-administered questionnaires, observational checklist and an in-depth interview guide. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 16.0 and STATCALC with results presented in tabular form.

Results: Majority of the respondents fell within the age range 25-34 years. The mean ages of respondents for respective industries were; bottling 30.2 (±7.9) and brewing 39.8 (±12.2) years. Majority of respondents were male (92.8%). This survey reported a prevalence of hypertension as 98 (28.1%), diabetes mellitus 5 (1.4%) and obesity 29 (8.3%). One hundred and seventy one (49%) respondents regularly took alcohol, 5.4% of respondents smoked cigarettes while 56.2% were involved in regular exercise. Pre-employment medical examination was reported by 53.0% of respondents. Recreational facilities were absent in both industries.

Conclusion:  This study has highlighted the prevalence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus and obesity in the beverage industries in Edo State, Nigeria; and the need to implement NCD control strategies in the beverage industry.


Keywords


Hypertension, diabetes mellitus, obesity, beverage Industries, Benin City

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