Laryngeal Trauma in Port Harcourt:

A Review of 68 Cases


  • Dr Onotai L.O
  • Nwogbo A.C


Laryngeal trauma, Upper airway obstruction


Background: Head and neck injuries with associated laryngeal trauma appear to be on the increase nowadays with most patients presenting with features of acute upper airway obstruction. This study determined the sources of laryngeal trauma, clinical profile, complications and management outcome.

Patients and methods: This was a retrospective study carried out in the University of PortHarcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH). Case notes of patients that presented through the accident and emergency department with neck trauma involving the larynx and surrounding tissues between September 2004 and August 2009 were retrieved and used for this study. Out of 200 patients only 68 had neck trauma with laryngeal involvement. Patients who had laryngeal trauma
from corrosives were excluded from this study. Demographic data, cause of injury, clinical features, complications and outcome of treatment were recorded and analyzed.

Results: Out of 200 patients with various neck traumas, 68 (34%) were noted to have laryngeal involvement. The age range of the patients was 15-65years. The younger age groups were mostly affected, especially males. Gunshot wounds and Road Traffic Accident (RTA) dominated (n=58, 85.30%) the picture and presenting with upper airway obstruction. Majority (n=60, 88.24%) of patients were successfully managed without complication. No mortality was recorded in our series but a few (n=8, 11.76%) had chronic laryngotracheal stenosis.

Conclusion: Trauma to the larynx arising from gunshot wounds to the neck due to violence was found to be a major problem among the youth in Port Harcourt. Government intervention with gainful employment and provision of infrastructure are strongly advised to reduce the incidence of
laryngeal trauma.

Author Biography

Dr Onotai L.O

Consultant E.N.T Surgeon,

Department of E.N.T surgery UPTH,

Port Harcourt, Nigeria.


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How to Cite

Onotai L, Nwogbo A. Laryngeal Trauma in Port Harcourt:: A Review of 68 Cases. AJTMBR [Internet]. 2012 Sep. 1 [cited 2023 Mar. 24];1(4):89-94. Available from: