Patterns of Hysterosalpingographic Findings at a Tertiary Hospital in South-South, Nigeria:

A Three Year Review


  • Joyce E. Ikubor
  • Godson U. Eze


Hysterosalpingography, Infertility, Contrast-Imaging


Introduction: Hysterosalpingography (HSG) is an investigative tool for assessing the  morphology of the uterine cavity and more importantly tubal patency in the routine workup of infertile females. This study aimed to highlight the indications for this imaging technique and the  patterns of its findings at Delta State University Teaching Hospital, Oghara. 

Materials and methods: A cross-sectional review of one hundred and seventy-five reports of women referred to the Radiology department for HSG over a 3-year period; January 2012 -  December 2014. 

Results: Infertility was by far the most common indication for undergoing an HSG; as seen in  145 (82%) of the women studied. Secondary infertility was the predominant type of infertility accounting for 127 (87.6%) of all cases of infertility for HSG. While nearly half of all HSG  records, 79 (45.4%) showed tubal blockage, four-fifths (80.4%) had abnormal-sized uterus. 

Conclusion: HSGs done at DELSUTH showed a wide array of findings. Infertility was the  most common indication for referral as was the case in many similar studies from developing  countries. Tubal blockage and abnormal uterine size were the most common findings and  although suspected uterine anomaly was the indication for over a tenth of the referrals, there  was no case of congenital anomaly detected among the patients in this three-year review. 

Author Biography

Joyce E. Ikubor

Department of Radiology, Delta State University Teaching Hospital, Oghara, Delta State


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How to Cite

Ikubor JE, Eze GU. Patterns of Hysterosalpingographic Findings at a Tertiary Hospital in South-South, Nigeria: : A Three Year Review . AJTMBR [Internet]. 2015 Mar. 1 [cited 2024 Feb. 24];3(1):34-40. Available from: