Intensity of Urinary Schistosomiasis and Prevalence of Urinary Tract Pathology Among Primary School Pupils in Delta State, South-south, Nigeria



Urinary schistosomiasis, Urinary tract pathology, Intensity of infection, NELGA


Background: The urinary tract pathology (UTP) of urinary schistosomiasis is a common complication of the infection caused by inflammatory reactions mainly against the deposited egg antigens around the urinary tract and it is a disease of major public health importance.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between the intensity of urinary schistosomiasis and the prevalence of its UTP among primary school pupils in Ndokwa-East Local Government Area (NELGA) of Delta State, South-south Nigeria.

Method: This study was a cross sectional descriptive study of primary school children aged 5-15 years in Ndokwa-East Local Government Area (NELGA) of Delta State. Urine microscopy was used to identify infected primary school pupils. The intensity of infection was classified using egg count according to World Health Organization (WHO) standard, after which they participated in an ultrasound examination, using WHO guideline for schistosomiasis morbidity.

Result: Among the infected subjects, 87.5% of those with severe infection had bladder wall pathology, while 71.4% of those with mild infection had bladder wall pathology (FET, p-value = 0.613). Additionally, 12.5% of those with severe infection as against 7.1% of those with mild infection had hydroureter (FET, p-value = 1.000), while 37.5% of those with severe infection as against 42.9% of those with mild infection had hydronephrosis (FET, p-value = 1.000).

Conclusion: The prevalence and severity of UTP in this study had no significant relationship with the intensity of infection.

Author Biographies

  • Mbagwu Nkemjika E

    Department of Paediatrios, Federal Medical Centre, Asaba, Delta state, Nigeria

  • Ezeonwu BU

    Department of Paediatrics, Federal Medical Centre, Asaba, Delta state, Nigeria. 

  • Agabi JO

    Department of Radiology, Federa! Medical Centre, Asaba, Delta state, Nigeria.

  • Okolo Selina N

    Department of Paediatrics, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Platean State, Nigeria.


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Intensity of Urinary Schistosomiasis and  Prevalence of Urinary Tract Pathology Among  Primary School Pupils in Delta State, South-south,  Nigeria




How to Cite

Intensity of Urinary Schistosomiasis and Prevalence of Urinary Tract Pathology Among Primary School Pupils in Delta State, South-south, Nigeria. AJTMBR [Internet]. 2022 Jan. 1 [cited 2024 Jul. 18];5(2):24-9. Available from:

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