Clinical attributes, histopathological characteristics and surgical outcomes of endometrial cancers at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital in Nigeria

Authors

  • Ezeanochie MC University of Benin Teaching Hospital Author
  • Nweke VC Author
  • Isikhuemen Me Department of Obstetrics and gynecology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital Author https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3068-3661
  • Okonkwo CA Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4314/ajtmbr.v6i2.6

Keywords:

Endometrial cancer, Total abdominal hysterectomy, Survival, Nigeria

Abstract

Introduction: Endometrial cancer is probably the third commonest gynaecological cancer in
sub-Saharan Africa. It occurs more commonly in the post-menopausal women. This research aims to
document the clinical profile, histopathological types and survival rate of endometrial cancer
patients with a view to improving care in our setting.

Materials and methods: This was a retrospective descriptive study of women with endometrial cancer who had surgery from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2017. Case notes of patients satisfying the inclusion criteria were retrieved and relevant information extracted. The statistical analysis was done using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 22.

Results: Thirty-three cases of endometrial cancer patients were reviewed. The mean age at presentation was 54.3+8years About half of the patients (45.5%) were hypertensive while 21.2% were diabetic. Twenty-nine (87.9%) patients presented with abnormal uterine bleeding. All patients had total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (TAH+BSO). Endometrial adenocarcinoma accounted for the majority of the histopathological type. One year survival
following surgery was 97%.

Conclusion: When performed for early-stage Endometrial cancer, TAH+BSO is associated with a favourable 1-year survival.

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Published

03/25/2024

How to Cite

1.
Clinical attributes, histopathological characteristics and surgical outcomes of endometrial cancers at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital in Nigeria. AJTMBR [Internet]. 2024 Mar. 25 [cited 2024 Jul. 18];6(2):68-75. Available from: https://ajtmbr.org.ng/index.php/home/article/view/99

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